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  • Writer's pictureBSE

Emergency Lighting—Guiding You to Safety

There’s an emergency, and the power goes out—how will you find your way to safety? Thankfully, the emergency lighting is activated and lights your way to the emergency exits.

Basically, emergency lighting is a battery-powered lighting system that is triggered during a power outage. It works hand in hand with the Exit Sign System to facilitate evacuation.

It is, thus, vital that this lighting system is always operational ready; and, this is ensured through regular testing and maintenance.

The following regulations thus require premises to have an operationally-ready and well-maintained Emergency Lighting System:

  • Code of Practice for Fire Precautions in Buildings 2018 (Fire Code 2018) by the SCDF

  • SS 563: 2010 (2017) Part 1 and 2 (formerly SS CP 19)

  • SS 563-1: 2010 (2017) Code of Practice for the design, installation and maintenance of Emergency Lighting and Power Supply Systems in buildings - Part 1: Emergency Lighting

  • SS 563-2: 2010 (2017) Code of Practice for the design, installation and maintenance of Emergency Lighting and Power Supply Systems in buildings - Part 2: Installation requirements and maintenance procedure

Who is responsible for the Emergency Lighting System?

  • Building Owners and Council Members are responsible by regulation

  • Fire Protection Specialists, like BSE, MCST Managing agencies, and/ or technicians are engaged to assist Building Owners and Council Members

What kind of maintenance will the Emergency Lighting System need and how often?

According to regulations, the recommended frequency of inspection for the Emergency Lighting System in buildings is MONTHLY. However, the regulatory testing and maintenance of the Emergency Lighting System are conducted ANNUALLY.

Inspection procedure


  • Emergency lighting is adequately provided along 1) Staircases, 2) Escape Routes, 3) Public Areas, and 4) Essential Plant Rooms

  • Automatic operation is tested and in order

  • Emergency lighting provided is sufficiently bright

  • Identification (Cl 7.8 CP 19)

  • Emergency lighting is connected to a secondary power supply

Testing procedure

  • Functional test up to 10 seconds

  • Battery discharge test after 1 hour from power shut-down

  • Testing of battery and voltage conditions

  • Inspection of power supply, indicators and any other related devices in random in-situ

Tips on having an optimum Emergency Lighting System:

  • Ensure battery chargers, batteries, inverters, and tubing, distribution and control equipment are in good working condition

  • Ensure that the battery cabinet is free from corrosion

  • Ensure luminaires, indicating lights and exit signs are in good working condition


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