The Exit Sign—A Lifesaving Sign System
Exit signs are a common sight in our built environment. However, this simple sign system becomes extremely vital during emergencies, indicating the escape routes to evacuees and, thus, saving lives.
During an evacuation, visibility may be low and the situation chaotic, so being able to locate an exit could mean the difference between life and death. Therefore, these signs should be regularly tested and maintained to ensure that they are always functioning optimally in case of emergency.
The following regulations thus require premises to have an operationally-ready and well-maintained Exit Sign System:
Code of Practice for Fire Precautions in Buildings 2018 (Fire Code 2018) by the SCDF
SS 563: 2010 (2017) Part 1 and 2 (formerly SS CP 19)
SS 563-1: 2010 (2017) Code of Practice for the design, installation and maintenance of Emergency Lighting and Power Supply Systems in buildings - Part 1: Emergency Lighting
SS 563-2: 2010 (2017) Code of Practice for the design, installation and maintenance of Emergency Lighting and Power Supply Systems in buildings - Part 2: Installation requirements and maintenance procedures
Who is responsible for the Exit Sign System?
Building Owners and Council Members are responsible by regulation
Fire Protection Specialists, like BSE, MCST Managing agencies, and/ or technicians are engaged to assist Building Owners and Council Members
What kind of maintenance will the Exit Sign System need and how often?
According to regulations, the recommended frequency of inspection for the Exit Sign System in buildings is MONTHLY. However, the regulatory testing and maintenance of the Exit Sign System are conducted ANNUALLY.
Exit signs are adequately provided along 1) Staircases, 2) Escape Routes, and 3) Public Areas
Exit signs are visible
Directional exit signs are provided where necessary
Exit signs are operational
Exit signs connected to a secondary power supply are tested and in order
Exit signs comply with CP 19 colour code (green and white combination)
Functional test up to 10 seconds
Battery discharge test after 1 hour from power shut-down
Testing of battery and voltage conditions
Inspection of power supply, indicators and any other related devices in random in-situ
Tips on having an optimum Exit Sign System:
Ensure battery chargers, batteries, inverters, and tubing, distribution and control equipment are in good working condition
Ensure that the battery cabinet is free from corrosion
Ensure luminaires, indicating lights and exit signs are in good working condition